Employment Of Persons With Disabilities

Employment Of Persons With Disabilities

There are persons with disabilities the world over, and their rights have been recognized and guaranteed in various national as well as international laws. In 2003, Kenya enacted the Persons with Disabilities Act to provide for the rights and rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities as well as to achieve equalization of opportunities for persons with Disabilities. This study looks at the Persons with Disabilities Act 2003, and seeks to analyze its impact on employment rights of persons with disabilities in Kenya. This study seeks to find out the potential and limitations of the Persons with Disabilities Act 2003 and to suggest a multidimensional package of solutions to the legal and extra-legal handicaps to putting employment rights for the disabled in motion and actualizing them in Kenya.

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Rights not Charity

Rights not Charity

This book examines the laws that make available to health, employment and work rights for persons with disabilities in Pakistan and all over the World. The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2006 ensures health, employment and work rights under Article 25 & 27 respectively, whereas Pakistani laws on disability rights as ‘Mental Health Ordinance 2001’ and ‘Disabled Persons (Employment and Rehabilitation) 1981’do not cover the health, employment and work rights of persons with disabilities in the same footing. The research aims at highlighting the problems of the Pakistani law since persons with disabilities in the State are not provided health, employment and work rights. The deficiencies of the Pakistani laws are identified through drawing comparison of the UN Convention and Pakistani laws on the rights of persons with disabilities and some recommendations have been made which will harmonize the Pakistani legislation under the UN Convention on disability rights.

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Public Policy Implementation in Developing Countries

Public Policy Implementation in Developing Countries

The human rights of persons with disabilities acquired official international recognition in 1982 when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons. In the same year the Kenya government crafted The National Programme of Action Concerning Persons with Disabilities in response to this call. In the year 2003 the first disability law; Parsons with Disabilities Act (PDA) was enacted. Since then a number of efforts have been made to promote human rights of persons with disabilities in Kenya. Some of these efforts have included inclusion of disability rights in the bill of rights, creation of National Council for Persons with Disabilities and Disability Fund. The disability policies have however experienced implementation failure due to lack of political good, inadequate capacity of the National Council for Persons with Disabilities and lack of awareness of rights of PWDs.

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Entrepreneurship Among The Physically Challenged Persons

Entrepreneurship Among The Physically Challenged Persons

According to ILO 2008 challenged people worldwide face barriers to formal employment. One possible solution for challenged people with entrepreneurial skills is self-employment. The establishment and expansion of small businesses by persons with disabilities, however, tends to be restricted by limited access to credit markets and by inadequate business training. Limited by their physical conditions, the areas of employment are limited for persons with disabilities. They do not have many options. Sometimes, even if they get a job, they are found to be unsuitable for it and have to give up shortly, and are back to the status of not working. Various studies have revealed that Kenya has a large population of physically challenged people who have shown great interest in entrepreneurship by engaging in owning, managing and running enterprises (Kenya National Survey on persons with disabilities 2008). People with disabilities (PWD) make up 10 percent of the total population of Kenya, WHO (2006).There should be inclusivity in entrepreneurship; implying that no member of the society should be excluded in terms of starting business on the grounds of disability.

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Emerging Successful with Disabilities

Emerging Successful with Disabilities

Starting day one of the existence of human beings people with disabilities have been leading a life of challenge, difficulty, turmoil and so on as the list is long unto denial of the right to life. However, there were and are persons with disabilities who had and have changed the world in their positive influence. To mention few of these personalities we find like Albert Einstein, Aristotle, Hellen Keller, Socrates, Alexander Grahambel, Alferd Nobel, Franklin D. Rooselvet, Stephen Hawking the list goes on. This book therefore, analyses about the historical account of people with disabilities, society's reaction towards the disability of people with disabilities,reaction of persons with disabilities towards their disabilities, challenges of life of people with disabilities,achievements of people with disabilities in the world, community participation of people with disabilities and factors that make people with disabilities be successful. Finally, life histories of four Ethiopian successful persons with disabilities was presented with its scientific discussion. Indeed, this book is aimed at serving the interest of people with and without disabilities.

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Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities In Church life In Kenya

Inclusion Of Persons With Disabilities In Church life In Kenya

This study is carried on the premise that the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the worship, social and development life of the church remains unsatisfactory. As the pioneer in work with persons with disabilities, the church in Kenya is expected to provide the best inclusion model programmes. The study addressed prevailing perceptions which impact on the inclusion of persons with disabilities; the social, theological and physical barriers to the inclusion; support services which could enhance inclusion; and, training and other interventions needed to improve the sensitivity of the church leadership to the inclusion of persons with disabilities in the church life. Data collection was through interviews of persons with disabilities and a focus group. The study recognized that inclusion is largely impacted by attitudes and perceptions which lead to discriminatory and oppressive church and societal structures. It recommended ways in which the church could provide a social, physical and theological environment in which persons with disabilities may realise their full potential in the life of the church.

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Disability Rights in Africa: Towards A Citizenship Approach

Disability Rights in Africa: Towards A Citizenship Approach

This book evaluates the status of the rights of persons with disabilities in the African context drawing from international, regional and national perspectives. It assesses the adequacy and effectiveness of the existing legal frameworks in Africa for achieving the full citizenship rights of persons with disabilities. It uses the concept of citizenship to justify and advocate for the protection and promotion of the rights of persons with disabilities. In the African context, it argues that the existing regional legal framework in Africa does not provide adequate legal protections and guarantees for safeguarding the human rights of persons with disabilities. The African regional human rights instruments often portray persons with disabilities as recipients of care, assistance and rehabilitation services, replicating the perspective of the individual/bio-medical model. It maintains that persons with disabilities should be reasonably accommodated to meet their needs in all circumstances in order to attain their full citizenship status. Otherwise, the exclusion, marginalization and discrimination experienced by persons with disabilities will remain unabated.

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Vocational Training Programs for the Persons with Disabilities

Vocational Training Programs for the Persons with Disabilities

This study was designed to investigate the current status of vocational training for persons with disabilities in Pakistan and its relevance with market demand for placement of persons with disabilities. Sixty two special schools were selected through purposive sampling, located in Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The data was collected with the help of structured questionnaires. Hundred students suffering from visual impairment, hearing impairment, physical impairment and intellectual disability were also selected through convenient sampling and were interviewed to record their vocational plans, vocational aspirations, knowledge of job requirement and the program of vocational training offered by their schools. Fifty employers from various organizations selected through purposive sampling were interviewed to know the status of person with disabilities employed in their organizations, implementation of 2% quota reserved for persons with disabilities, nature and environment of job for persons with disabilities, and the attitude of employers towards employees with disabilities.

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Evaluating State-Operated ComprehensiveRehabilitation Centers

Evaluating State-Operated ComprehensiveRehabilitation Centers

Public operated comprehensive rehabilitation centershave been in existence for over 50 years and provided valuable vocational rehabilitation servicesto thousands of persons with disabilities. Thesefacilities offer a wide range of services seeking toassist the individual gain or maintain employment andoffer unique opportunities for persons with the mostsignificant disabilities. These facilities aregenerally large in nature and costly to operate interms of tax payer dollars, yet little empiricalresearch exists evaluating the effectiveness of thisapproach to vocational rehabilitation.This study seeks to address this lack of knowledge,by analyzing factors that contribute to centerparticipants'' ability to complete their plannedcenter program. It also seeks to determine whetherpersons who complete a public operated comprehensiverehabilitation center vocational rehabilitationprogram are more likely to gain employment thancenter participants who did not complete their centerprogram.

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