CEO Compensation, Compensation Risk, and Coporate Governance

CEO Compensation, Compensation Risk, and Coporate Governance

Literature suggests that CEOs of technology firms earn higher pay than CEOs of non-technology firms. I investigate whether compensation risk explains the difference in compensation between technology firms and non-technology firms. Controlling for firm size and performance, I find that CEOs in technology firms have higher pay, but also have much higher compensation risk compared to non-technology firms. Compensation risk explains the major part of the difference in CEO pay. My study is consistent with the labor market economics view that CEOs earn competitive risk-adjusted total compensation.

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Oil Price Hike and the Nigerian Economy

Oil Price Hike and the Nigerian Economy

The study sought to determine the effect of oil price hike on the prices of products from the non-oil sectors in the Nigerian economy. Input-output analysis was used to show the interdependence between the various sectors of the Nigerian economy as well as the price changes in the different sectors occasioned by oil price changes. The population consisted of all the thirty-two (32) industrial sectors of the Nigerian economy. Z test for population proportions was used to test for significance of the price changes while Chi-Square was used to test for independence between price changes in the non-oil sectors of the Nigerian economy and the oil sector. Research findings indicated that increases in the prices of petroleum products have direct significant impact on transport fares and indirect significant impact on prices of products from the non-oil sectors. The need for policy makers to invest in the provision of adequate infrastructural facilities as well as guarantee enhanced earnings for the generality of Nigerian workers were suggested, among others; to ensure that oil earnings , as obtained in major oil exporting countries, translate to economic development in the true sense.

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Price Behaviour of Major Crops in Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis

Price Behaviour of Major Crops in Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis

Sharp changes in agricultural prices negatively affected the entire economy as the price mechanism is not properly materialized in a highly unstable price situation. So, price behaviour analysis is significantly important to the whole economy. This work has attempted to analyze the price flexibilities, fluctuations, monthly price trends and spatial price relationship of selected crops viz., Boro, wheat, lentil and potato in Bangladesh. Correlation coefficient and Engle- Granger co-integration test were used as a tool for studying integration between selected market pairs. In estimating price fluctuation of selected crops with its own supply, price flexibility coefficients have turned out significant except lentil. Cross-price flexibility of Aman and wheat with Boro found inverse flexibility relationships, meaning these crops are substitute. Real price fluctuation was the highest for potato followed by lentil, wheat and Boro. Three year price trends depict the local price trend, which may help farmers in taking appropriate decisions and ultimately in getting higher price benefits from the market. Moreover, the respective markets of the selected crops were found well integrated.

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Effect of Fuel Price Increase on private car usage pattern

Effect of Fuel Price Increase on private car usage pattern

This study looks into the energy demand and consumption pattern of fuel among private car owners in selected areas of Khulna city. The analysis of the consumption pattern reveals that the probability of consuming fuel, in general, declines with an increase in modern fuel prices. Fuel is one of the most essential natural resources in the world. There is hardly any sector of life on and around the world which can survive without fuel. Fuel is in fact the life-line of all the development in the world. Recently the price of fuel is increasing very frequently; and it is affecting the consumers of fuel. Private car owners are one of the consumers who are affected by this price increase. Users are trying to cope up with the increasing fuel price by reducing their frequency of various types of trips. Different users of different income levels are applying different measures to maintain their usage pattern of car and adjust with the increased fuel price. Key Words: Fuel, car, usage pattern, price.

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Determination of Employees' Pay Levels in the Nigerian Banking Sector

Determination of Employees' Pay Levels in the Nigerian Banking Sector

Reward system is a vital subsystem in personnel administration. Employees are employed in organization in order to contribute to the attainment of organizational goals. These employees expect adequate compensation and rewards for their contributions. The process of effectively managing any organization’s reward system is undoubtedly one of the most complex and problematic issues in Human resources management. Given the whole ambits of Human resource management, hardly is any issue more important, relevant and crucial to an employee than what he receives in exchange for his labour and services to the organization. Perhaps the most significant policy decisions that have to be made by those concerned with reward management are about levels of pay. But what determines an employees pay in the banking sector is unknown.

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Income, Scheduling Flexibility, and Diversity Policies

Income, Scheduling Flexibility, and Diversity Policies

Revision with unchanged content. A number of surveys have tapped the interests of older employees as a way to understand the factors that encourage extended employment (Bass, 1995; Sterns, 1998). The current research has two purposes. The first is an applied goal; to determine the organizational factors that are most attractive to older workers seeking employment. The second purpose is to investigate the predictive strength of these variables through a controlled experimental design rather than using survey methodology. We chose to examine the importance of pay, work flexibility, and diversity policies as determinants of interest in the return to work among white collar employees. While pay and flexibility have emerged in past research as factors that influence the interest of older employees, the impact of diversity policies has not been well-researched, so this represents an extension of past research. Two levels of each of these three variables were used in the current study, creating a 2 (pay level) X 2 (flexibility) X 2 (diversity policy) experimental design. Results of the current study suggest that overall interest in the return to work among white-collar retirees is quite modest (M = 2.45, SD = 1.23), and that flexibility emerged as an important factor in determining return to work. An interaction emerged between diversity policy and pay.

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Pharmaceutical Price Differences and Price Control Policies

Pharmaceutical Price Differences and Price Control Policies

This study compares prices of pharmaceuticals between different countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, United Kingdom and New Zealand). Different factors related to the product, the market situation, the economic environment and the price control policies are taken into account, using hedonic regressions. Strong differences between the ex-factory prices in the different countries are found. This is mainly due to market failures. In response to these failures all selected countries developed price containment policies. The study analyzes the effects of different price control policies by measuring prices and policies over time.

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Al Brooks Trading Price Action Reversals. Technical Analysis of Price Charts Bar by Bar for the Serious Trader

Al Brooks Trading Price Action Reversals. Technical Analysis of Price Charts Bar by Bar for the Serious Trader

A detailed guide to profiting from trend reversals using the technical analysis of price action The key to being a successful trader is finding a system that works and sticking with it. Author Al Brooks has done just that. By simplifying his trading system and trading only 5-minute price charts he's found a way to capture profits regardless of market direction or economic climate. His first book, Reading Price Charts Bar by Bar, offered an informative examination of his system, but it didn't allow him to get into the real nuts and bolts of the approach. Now, with this new series of books, Brooks takes you step by step through the entire process. By breaking down his trading system into its simplest pieces: institutional piggybacking or trend trading, trading ranges, and transitions or reversals (the focus of this book), this three book series offers access to Brooks' successful methodology. Trading Price Action Reversals reveals the various types of reversals found in today's markets and then takes the time to discuss the specific characteristics of these reversals, so that you can use them in your everyday trading endeavors. While price action analysis works on all time frames, there are different techniques that you can use in trading intraday, daily, weekly and monthly charts. This, among many other issues, is also addressed throughout these pages. Offers insights on how to handle volatility and sharp reversals Covers the concept of using options when trading certain charts Examines how to deal with the emotions that come along with trading Other books in the series include Trading Price Action Trends and Trading Price Action Trading Ranges If you're looking to make the most of your time in today's markets the trading insights found in Trading Price Action Reversals will help you achieve this goal.

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The Tattooed Heart

The Tattooed Heart

The games continue in New York Times bestselling author Michael Grant's sequel to Messenger of Fear—a haunting tale for fans of Stephen King that combines fantasy with real-world horror stories. Mara has learned to punish the wicked as the Messenger's apprentice. Those who act out of selfishness and greed, and others who become violent because of prejudice and hate, pay the ultimate price. But Mara is constantly reminded that Messengers are serving their own kind of punishment—for every person who is offered justice, they wear a tattoo that symbolizes the heart of the crime. As Mara delves deeper into her harsh reality, she will discover that in spite of all the terror she and Messenger inflict, caring in this world is the hardest part of all.

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