Trade of Indian Spices : Looking Beyond Price

Trade of Indian Spices : Looking Beyond Price

India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices in the world. India's share of world spices trae is estimated to be 45-50 per cent by volume and 25 per cent by value.Black pepper and small cardamom are the most important spices in the Western Ghat region in India.Karnataka and Kerala together produce more than 90 per cent of these spices. Although these two spices are considered to be loosing its competitiveness in the international market due to high export price, the producers of these spices are facing serious downward price pressure and they are not able to meet even the annual maintenance cost of their plantations. The study was therefore undertaken to understand different dimensions of psices economy of the Region. The production of all major spices had increased substantially over the years due to increase in yield. There has been significant co-integration among the domestic price, export price and international price for both black pepper and small cardamom. The coefficients of the error correction estimates of these two spices indicated the long run convergence of all prices to equlibrium.

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Law of Hire Purchase

Law of Hire Purchase

It is natural that human beings are desirous of acquiring goods that make life habitable or in the case of going concerns, goods that keep the industrial wheel running; but, due to scarcity of funds, most desired goods are elusive; in order to ameliorate the worsening socioeconomic condition of the people and body corporate across the globe, hire purchase arose to enable the acquisition of goods that cannot be paid for immediately, in other words, rather than pay the full cost price for goods needed, hire purchase is the means by which payments are made by installments until the total cost price is paid and thereafter, the hirer may exercise the option to purchase the goods. Hire purchase may be conceptualized as a lever that creates opportunity for equitable ownership of goods when hirer is not financially able and it is of mutual benefit to the hirer and owner of goods; the hirer has immediate use of the goods, the owner, rather than have unsold stocks, benefit by receiving regular installments. This text is written to meet the need of students at universities, other tertiary institutions and professionals offering Law as well as aid the legal needs of parties in Hire Purchase.

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MIDNIGHT AT MARBLE ARCH

MIDNIGHT AT MARBLE ARCH

When the wife of a well-respected financier turns up dead, and the young, troubled daughter of a Portuguese ambassador commits suicide in the middle of a party, both deaths point to the disturbing trauma of rape. But when an innocent man ends up on trial for the crimes, Pitt's quest for the truth takes him deeper into the tangled web of international politics than he has ever dared go. In this superbly accomplished new Charlotte and Thomas Pitt adventure, Anne Perry takes readers beneath the glittering surface of wealthy Victorian society into a nightmare world of fear and intimidation, where women are too often blamed for the violent attacks against them, and powerful men take what they want, leaving others to pay the price.

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Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

Prime of Miss Jean Brodie

"Give me a girl at an impressionable age, and she is mine for life..." Passionate, free-thinking and unconventional, Miss Brodie is a teacher who exerts a powerful influence over her group of 'special girls' at Marcia Blaine School. They are the Brodie set, the creme de la creme, each famous for something - Monica for mathematics, Eunice for swimming, Rose for sex - who are initiated into a world of adult games and extracurricular activities they will never forget. But the price they pay is their undivided loyalty...

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Red Joan

Red Joan

Cambridge University in 1937 is awash with ideas and idealists – to unworldly Joan it is dazzling. After a chance meeting with Russian-born Sonya and Leo, Joan is swept up in the glamour and energy of the duo, and finds herself growing closer and closer to them both. But allegiance is a slippery thing. Out of university and working in a government ministry with access to top-secret information, Joan finds her loyalty tested as she is faced with the most difficult question of all: what price would you pay to remain true to yourself?

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The Effects of Price Limits on Bursa Malaysia During 2007-2008 Crisis

The Effects of Price Limits on Bursa Malaysia During 2007-2008 Crisis

One type of circuit breaker is price limit which is used in future markets and other stock exchanges of emerging markets in order to prevent markets from the excessive volatility, market controlling, crash occurrence and enhancing the market stability. The range of price limits in most of stock exchanges has changed with specific reasons. Researchers have different opinions about the effects of applying the price limit system and positive or negative effects which are caused by using this system do not still confirmed in conducted researches definitely. This paper examines the effects of price limits on the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange before and after 2007-2008 crisis by testing the volatility spillover and trading interference hypotheses. The statistical results of study do not support the tested hypotheses since smaller volatility is experienced by stockshit category during postlimit days compared to other categories and the trading volume of stockshit does not increase after price-limit-hits that it leads to understand the concept that this system does not prevent rational trading on price-limit-hit day.

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Marketing Information Systems and Price Change Decision Making

Marketing Information Systems and Price Change Decision Making

Marketing is the corner stone of the entrepreneurial society and information systems become the brain of marketing functions. Due to this reason, it is almost impossible to think about marketing without information system. Therefore, the author is interested about the role of Marketing Information Systems (MKIS) in the marketing practices of Ethiopian industries; particularly, on price change decision making processes. This is due to the fact that, price is the most manipulated variable among the marketing mix elements in the Ethiopian Industries.

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Pricing and Hedging of Defaultable Models

Pricing and Hedging of Defaultable Models

In the world of finance, it is crucial to consider the models based on the fact that the companies may default. Hearing the word ’default’ one can imagine the biggest defaults in the history of economy like that of Lehman Brothers in 2008. However, the exact definition of a default explains it only as a failure to meet debt obligations such as loans or bonds. The debtor is in default when he is either unable or unwilling to pay the debt. One has to distinguish the default from a state of being unable to pay the debts precisely which is called insolvency. The company is insolvent when it is unable to pay debts as they fall due (cash flow insolvency) or when the liabilities exceed the assets (balance sheet insolvency). It is worth mentioning that the insolvency can lead to a bankruptcy which is the process of legally defining a financial situation as insolvent. While modelling credit risk, one usually takes under consideration the company’s default in general, without looking into the causes and hence distinguishing between being unable or unwilling to pay the debts.

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Price Control In A Crippling Economy

Price Control In A Crippling Economy

This research sought to establish the impact of price control on availability of basic commodities on the formal market in Masvingo District. The rationale behind it was to address the negative impacts, making basic commodities accessible to the majority at affordable prices. This resulted from unscrupulous dealings during price control leading to price hiking and empty shelves. The descriptive Survey was used as the research design with the population of 100 business people where 20% was regarded for a sample through random sampling. The questionnaire was used as the research instrument following its assessment for validity. Collected data was presented in form of tables and figures for clarity and easy of understanding. Percentages were used for the processed data in the process of analyzing it. The study showed that price control impacted on availability of basic commodities on the formal market negatively through price hiking, hoarding and removal from shelves to create shortages, divergence of the goods to parallel market and provision of substandard goods in terms of both quality and quantity.

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