Reparations to the Families of Missing Persons in BiH

Reparations to the Families of Missing Persons in BiH

The conflict in former Yugoslavia made 25.000 to 30.000 people victims of enforced disappearances, of which approximately 10.000 are still missing without trace. The book written in 2010 was meant to point the neuralgic spots in BiH reparations to the families of missing persons, evaluate the overall system as well as give certain recommendations, which could be used in the future practice to improve the fate of the vulnerable group concerned. Hence, the research question was: are the currently available national and international legal instruments designed to seek reparations a sufficient mean to get it in case of the Bosnian disappeared and their families? The book has examined how the reparations so far granted to this group of victims fulfill the conditions of: completeness, comprehensiveness, complexity, coherence, finality and munificence. The construction of the dissertation has enabled a broader insight to current developments in the theory of reparations to victims of disappearances, as well as to the practice of seeking reparations for enforced disappearances in Latin America, but also in Europe in order to use some models and good practices in the case of BIH.

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Australian Families of Missing People

Australian Families of Missing People

Increasing numbers of Australians and people across the globe go missing each year and this has triggered an expression of national and international concern. Australia has been at the forefront in developing initiatives to combat this problem. People of all ages still go missing, and for the families of those who disappear, the loss is traumatic. Research on the families of long-term missing persons, to this point, has been limited. Therefore, familial experience is not well understood. Little is known of the trauma, loss and grief associated with a missing person within these families. The findings of this study highlight the need for a biopsychosocial framework to understand the ways in which families experience the psychological presence of a person who is physically absent. This framework acknowledges that a person goes missing from a particular social context and that the ambiguity of the loss and the grief the family experiences does not lessen the continuing bond they share with their loved one.

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Alternative Forms of Communication at Persons with Aphasia

Alternative Forms of Communication at Persons with Aphasia

The subject of the research is defined as an analyze of the forms of AAK, that the patients with Brokin's and Vernike's aphasia use in the everyday communication. As well as research the requirement of the forms of AAK can be used for developing and improving of the communicative abilities at the persons with aphasia. The aim of this research is to find the forms and the strategies of AAK for support and help in the communication to the persons with aphasia in Municipality Shtip, Republic of Macedonia. In the research were included three groups of researched persons. The first category of researched persons included 30 patients at the age of 34 to 75 years with aphasia as an consequence of a brain stroke that were hospitalized in the Public hospital WU- Neuropsychiatry in Shtip, Republic of Macedonia and sick persons that were at home. In the second group were included 30 members of the families of the patients, and in the third group 27 persons, medical personnel employed in the Physical therapy - Shtip, Republic of Macedonia.

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Employment Of Persons With Disabilities

Employment Of Persons With Disabilities

There are persons with disabilities the world over, and their rights have been recognized and guaranteed in various national as well as international laws. In 2003, Kenya enacted the Persons with Disabilities Act to provide for the rights and rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities as well as to achieve equalization of opportunities for persons with Disabilities. This study looks at the Persons with Disabilities Act 2003, and seeks to analyze its impact on employment rights of persons with disabilities in Kenya. This study seeks to find out the potential and limitations of the Persons with Disabilities Act 2003 and to suggest a multidimensional package of solutions to the legal and extra-legal handicaps to putting employment rights for the disabled in motion and actualizing them in Kenya.

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The FAMILY or Families

The FAMILY or Families

After the United Nations declared 1994 as the Year of the Family, interest in the study and analysis of families increased, albeit with constant references to ‘normal’ versus ‘deviant’ families. Meanwhile, HIV/AIDS has become increasingly topical, especially in Sub–Saharan Africa where it has adversely distorted families, but few discourses have placed HIV/AIDS within family contexts. This study thus Explored the effects of Home–Based Care (HBC), as a response to HIV and AIDS, on the makeup of families, and showed that poverty, panic of having chronic illness in a household and survival considerations related thereto forced people from various families to live in one household so as to make the care of the ill convenient. Care was found not only to be shared between persons regarded as family members, but was received from trained community volunteers, while the presence of child–headed families as a result of AIDS–related deaths defied the normalization of ‘the nuclear family’. The study thus teaches that families cannot be understood in aggregated terms, but that individuals and the circumstances they face define what families become, not the other way round.

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Public Policy Implementation in Developing Countries

Public Policy Implementation in Developing Countries

The human rights of persons with disabilities acquired official international recognition in 1982 when the United Nations General Assembly adopted the World Program of Action Concerning Disabled Persons. In the same year the Kenya government crafted The National Programme of Action Concerning Persons with Disabilities in response to this call. In the year 2003 the first disability law; Parsons with Disabilities Act (PDA) was enacted. Since then a number of efforts have been made to promote human rights of persons with disabilities in Kenya. Some of these efforts have included inclusion of disability rights in the bill of rights, creation of National Council for Persons with Disabilities and Disability Fund. The disability policies have however experienced implementation failure due to lack of political good, inadequate capacity of the National Council for Persons with Disabilities and lack of awareness of rights of PWDs.

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Whom to Marry?

Whom to Marry?

This work analyzes spouse selection preferences between Kyrgyz men and men from Western countries of highly-educated Kyrgyz women in terms of their Western education and international experience. By referring to the literature about spouse selection patterns and mixed-marriages, this work shows that the women of the study tend to pay more attention to the kinship relations in their spouses’ families than to any other of the marriage aspects. The study argues that these Kyrgyz women prefer nuclear families with Western men over joining extended families of Kyrgyz men in order to avoid the downshift in the hierarchical structure of the Kyrgyz families from a higher position of an ordinary member of their own families to the disadvantaged position of a kelin (the daughter-in-law) in their Kyrgyz husbands’ families.

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Sports for Persons with Disabilities

Sports for Persons with Disabilities

Sports for Persons with Disabilities in Kampala, started in the 1960's among the physically handicapped hence over the years interest in the practice has spread to other disabilities to the extent that today nearly all PWDs have a sport. This has led to a lot of pressures on all stakeholders relating to finance, structures, organization and participation among others. This book therefore provides an indepth view of the status, challenges and future strategies aimed at maximizing the spoils of sports for PWDs to the PWDs, their families and the community at large. The findings should be of great value to organizations of PWDs, schools, Technocrats and PWDs themselves or any other stakeholder within or outside Uganda seeking to uplift sports for PWDs in our communities.

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Transitional justice and reparations in Burundi: Learning from others?

Transitional justice and reparations in Burundi: Learning from others?

In present days, there is sufficient international experience to learn some lessons from, although states must strive to eschew one-size-fits-all formulas and the importation of pre-packed foreign models which are blind to the local context-specific needs. In the process of designing transitional justice response, Burundi can learn from successes and failures of past and current experiences both on the African continent and from Latin America where reparations to victims have been taken more or less seriously. Notwithstanding the keen understanding of the need to link different justice initiatives in a holistic transitional justice approach, the study underscores the importance of reparations to victims of gross violations of human rights in Burundi and identifies the best practices to take from the South African, Chilean, Peruvian and Colombian experiences, while avoiding making similar mistakes that undermined a full success of the above cases. Its contribution identifies lessons and suggests recommendations which can wisely guide different role-players who will design and implement the morally and legally justified reparations to provide for victims of the Burundian Conflict.

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